Information on influenza, coronavirus infection and other acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI)

Influenza, coronavirus infection and other acute respiratory viral infections (SARS) are in first place in the number of people who become sick every year

Despite the constant efforts aimed at combating the causative agents of influenza, coronavirus infection and other acute respiratory viral infections, they still cannot be defeated.

Thousands of people die every year from flu complications.

This is due to the fact that viruses, primarily influenza viruses and coronaviruses, have the ability to change their structure and a mutated virus can infect a person again. So, a person who has had the flu has a good immune barrier, but nevertheless, a new modified virus can easily penetrate it, since the body has not yet developed immunity against this type of virus.

For whom is the most dangerous meeting with the virus?

Especially difficult for children and elderly people to carry the infection, for these age groups, complications that can develop during the disease are very dangerous. Children get sick more severely due to the fact that their immune system has not yet encountered this virus, and for older people, as well as for people with chronic diseases, the virus is dangerous due to a weakened immune system.

Risk groups

Children
People over 60
People with chronic lung diseases (bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
People with chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system (congenital heart defects, coronary heart disease, heart failure)
Pregnant women
Medical workers
Workers in public transport, catering
How does infection happen?

Infection is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person through the smallest droplets of saliva or mucus that are released during sneezing, coughing a conversation. Contact transmission is also possible.

Symptoms

Depending on the specific type of pathogen, the symptoms can vary significantly, both in severity and in combination options.

Temperature rise
Chills, general malaise, weakness, headache, muscle pain
Decreased appetite, nausea and vomiting are possible
Conjunctivitis (possibly)
Diarrhea (possible)
On average, the disease lasts about 5 days. If the temperature lasts longer, complications may have occurred.

Complications

Pneumonia
Encephalitis, Meningitis
Pregnancy complications, development of fetal pathology
Exacerbation of chronic diseases
Treatment of the disease is carried out under the supervision of a doctor, who only after examination of the patient prescribes a treatment regimen and gives other recommendations. The sick person must observe bed rest, eat fully and drink more fluid.

Antibiotics

Taking antibiotics in the early days of the disease is a big mistake. Antibiotics are not able to cope with the virus, in addition, they adversely affect the normal microflora. Only a doctor prescribes antibiotics, only in case of complications caused by the attachment of a bacterial infection. It is dangerous and useless to take antibacterial drugs as a prevention of complications.

A sick person should stay at home and not create a threat of infection to others.

Prevention

The most effective way to prevent influenza is to vaccinate annually. The composition of the flu vaccine changes annually. First of all, vaccination is recommended for those at risk. The optimal time for vaccination is October-November. Vaccination of children against influenza is possible, starting from 6 months of age.

Vaccines against most pathogens of acute respiratory viral infections have not been developed.

Universal preventive measures

Wash your hands often and thoroughly.
Avoid contact with coughing people.
Stick to a healthy lifestyle (sleep, healthy food, physical activity)
Drink more fluids
Ventilate and humidify the air regularly in the room in which you are
Be less likely in crowded places
Use the mask when in transport or in public places
Avoid hugs, kisses and handshakes when meeting
Do not touch your face, eyes, nose with unwashed hands
At the first sign of a viral infection – consult your doctor!

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Prevention of influenza and coronavirus infection

Influenza viruses and coronavirus infections cause respiratory diseases of different severity in humans. Symptoms of the disease are similar to those of ordinary (seasonal) flu. The severity of the disease depends on a number of factors, including the general condition of the body and age.

Predisposed to the disease: elderly people, small children, pregnant women and people suffering from chronic diseases (asthma, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases), and with a weakened immune system.

RULE 1. WASH HANDS WITH SOAP

Clean and disinfect surfaces using household detergents.

Hand hygiene is an important measure to prevent the spread of influenza and coronavirus infection. Washing with soap removes viruses. If it is not possible to wash your hands with soap, use alcohol-containing

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